In a nut shell, the periodontist is a highly knowledgeable and skilled professional in the treatment of gum disease. Just as an oncologist is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of cancer, a periodontist is a professional who after becoming a dentist, has continued their education in order to specialize in the field of Periodontal disease.
After checking the condition of your teeth, your periodontist will usually have their dental hygienist clean your teeth and remove as much plaque as is possible. They will also instruct you in the proper procedure for keeping your teeth as clean and healthy as possible.
With gum disease, pockets of plaque will build up the teeth and gums, as well as below the surface of the gums. One of the first treatments that your periodontist will want to achieve will be the removal of this plaque. This is what is called scaling. If your periodontal disease is not too advanced, this along with proper dental hygiene may be enough to keep the disease from progressing.
If you continue to experience bleeding from the gums, you may require further treatment. This treatment may include a surgical procedure performed in order to remove the remaining plaque benefit the gums and on the roots of the teeth. Your periodontist will perform the surgery. Your periodontist is also capable of performing many other procedures, including bone and gum crafts and jaw reconstruction as well as cosmetic procedures.
The primary objective of your periodontist is to keep your gums as healthy as possible. This is in order that you may avoid preventing the disease to progress to the point of needing surgery. This will also give you the opportunity to keep your own teeth for your lifetime, rather than needing to use dentures. As you can see, a periodontist's job is quite important. It is very important that you follow his or her advice in order to keep your teeth and gums healthy.