Custom-made mouthguards can significantly minimize the trauma to teeth, surrounding tissues and jaws caused by sporting collisions. It is estimated that 25-50% of all sporting injuries are dental injuries. Injuries resulting from collisions while not wearing a mouthguard can range from concussion of teeth, subluxation, chipped or broken teeth, and avulsion. A simple mouthguard can save a trip to the dentist and possibly a costly dental crown or implant!
Custom-made mouthguards adapt to the teeth and gums, which provide protection to teeth during contact and allow you to speak and breathe clearly during sports games. Stock mouthguards purchased from sports stores, or "boil and bite" mouthguards, do not conform to the teeth or mucosa well. Therefore they continually drop out of place causing interference with breathing and loss of concentration and annoyance during your sporting activity. Certainmore, some studies have shown "boil and bite" mouthguards can potentially cause even more damage following trauma than not wearing a mouthguard at all. They fail to adapt to teeth well enough to cushion and distribute the impact of the trauma.
Simple impressions of your upper and lower teeth are required to make models on which the custom-made mouthguard is fabricated. The impression is taken using alginate materials, which take approximately one to two minutes to set. These impressions are then used to pour up plaster models. From these models the custom made mouthguards can either be formed with pressure or vacuum forming machines. The fabricated mouthguards are then trimmed to size and usually articulated to ensure the bite is taken into consideration.
Many different colors and patterns are available and even combinations of colors and patterns can be used to create an individualized mouthguard to suit your team colors. Remember that black and dark colors are often not permitted for some contact sports, particularly boxing and martial arts. This is because if the contact causes bleeding, it is difficult to quickly detect, as opposed to wearing a white or transparent mouthguard.
It is very important to wear a custom-made mouthguard for all contact sports and even during training. Using the mouthguard for training is paramount. Most injuries actually occur at training. It also enables the patient to become used to wearing the mouthguard. A custom made mouthguard should not interfere with breathing, and is significantly less than a hindrance compared to boil and shape mouthguards. The custom-made mouthguard is an important piece of your sporting kit and helps avoid or at least reduce trauma to teeth and surrounding tissues.