Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a disease in which the blood supply to the head of the joint bone reduces drastically, causing a complete disorganization and ultimate collapse of the head of the bone. Though the hip joint is most commonly affected, AVN can also involve other joints such as the shoulder. This condition may be caused due to long-term use of steroids, excessive intake of alcohol, and chronic diseases like blood disorders and auto immune disorders. Of late, there has been a gradual increase in the incidence of auto immune disorders with a resulting increase in the use of steroids; hence, AV N is being diagnosed much more frequently. Patients in their late 20s and early 30s usually present with this disease.
The conservative management of this condition in the modern system of medicine is to give biphosphonates in order to possibly reduce the rate of decrease of calcium and … Read More